How to Take Care of a Pregnant Female Dog

How to Take Care of a Pregnant Female Dog

  • 19 Jun 2020

How to Take Care of a Pregnant Female Dog

A pregnant female dog will need care especially in last few days of pregnancy. This is crucial time for both well being of female dog and her babies in the womb. To help a pregnant female will need following

Proper Nutrition

To provide proper and optimum nutrition for gestation period for normal development of puppies special foods is needed. Cheap foods may not be able to provide proper nutrition and may just be filling tummy. Increasing amount of food being offered regularly may not be sufficient to meet out the requirement. Commercial diets are available which are capable of providing required nutrition. Starter foods are best but puppy food can serve the purpose if it’s not available. Commercial starter foods are available according to breed and their size. After one month onwards these changes should be made i.e. around 5-6 week of pregnancy. Amount of the food being offered should be increased by 20-25%. In last two weeks of the pregnancy food amount should be increased by another 25% to meet out the requirement of the rapidly growing puppies.


Gentle walks are sufficient and the best way to keep moving. Pregnant females should never be pushed to play or exercise more than her limits.


Regular deworming, vaccination, supplements and any other over the counter medicines should never be given without consulting your veterinarian. It can harm both the developing unborn puppies in the uterus. Puppies and mother should be dewormed according to schedule and prescribed dosage.


Behavioural changes in Pregnant female dogs during pregnancy are common due to hormonal changes. She can be extra protective and aggressive. A safe and private space should be given for mother and puppies. Socialization should be avoided during last three week of pregnancy and first three weeks post-partum.

Whelping Box:

A whelping box can be provided to give birth to puppies. It should be of sufficient size according to the breed. Always keep an eye on puppies and mother both. It should be warm and comfortable. 

When you should call a vet?

1.      If your dog is weak, exhausted, and straining for a long period of time without delivering pups.

2.      If only fetal fluid (greenish) is there and no foetus is delivered for one hour or more.

3.      If rectal temperature of dog continues to decrease (subnormal). The normal rectal temperature is 101-102 °F.

4.      Puppies are weak and not responding or dead pups are being delivered.

Sometimes you may need to take your dog to vet for ultrasound or x-ray (to ensure viability of foetus and remaining foetus). 

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